Type 1:- The ratio of the cost price and the selling price is 4:5. The profit percent is?

a. 10

b. 20

c. 25

d. 30

Ans:- 25

**profit is always calculated on cost price**

**
**

**so, c.p=4 , s.p=5**

**Profit=s.p-c.p, 5-4=1**

**
**

**profit %=**

**profit/cost price * 100, then, 1/4*100= 25**

Type 2:- If on selling 12 notebooks a seller makes a profit equal to selling price of 4 notebook, what is his profits percentage?

a. 16.2/3

b. 25

c. 50

d. None of these

Ans:-50

**if there is profit on selling item = selling price of an article**

**To find profit %, simply minus 12 from 4= 8**

**
**

**Profit % = 4/8*100=50**

Type 3:- A vender loses the selling price of 4 oranges on selling 36 oranges his loss percentage is?

a. 10

b. 11.1/9

c. 12.1/2

d. None of these

Ans:-10

**if there is loss on selling item = selling price of an article**

**
**

**to find loss%, simply add 36 to 4 = 40**

**
**

**Loss % = 4/40*100 = 10**

Type 4:- Some article were brought of 6 for rs. 5. And sold at 5 for rs. 6. Gain percentage is/

a. 30

b. 33.1/3

c. 35

d. 44

Ans:-44

Type 5:- A vender by selling 12 toffee for a rupee. A man loses 20%. How many for a rupee should he sell to get a gain of 20%?

a. 10

b. 20

c. 8

d. 12

Ans:- 8

**
**

**12 toffee for rs 1 loss 20% then**

**c.p = 1*100/80 = 5/4**

**on this price we have to gain profit of 20%**

**
**

**So, 5/4***

**120/100 = 3/2**

**If for Rs. 2/3 we have 12 toffee then for rs 1 we have**

**= 12x2/3=8**

Type 6:- A sell a bicycle of to B at a profit of 20%. B sell it to C at profit of 25%. If C pays rs. 225 for it the cost price of bicycle is?

a. 110

b. 120

c. 125

d. 150

Ans:- 150

**
**

**let cost price be X then,**

**x.120/100**

**. 125/100= 225**

**,**

**
**

**by solving, then X equal to 150**

Type 7:- A shopkeeper professes to sell his goods at cost price but uses a weight of 800gm instead of 1kg. thus he makes a profit of?

a. 20%

b. 16.2/3

c. 25

d. 50

Ans :- 25

Type 8 :- A shopkeeper cheats to the extents of 10% while buying as well as selling by using false weight his total gain is ?

a. 10%

b. 11%

c. 20%

d. 21%

Ans :-21%

Type 9 :- An article when sold at a gain of 5% yields rs. 15 more than when sold at a loss of 5%. Its cost price would be

a. 150

b. 200

c. 250

d. 300

Ans:-150

**difference between gain % and loss% equal to 10%**

**then, 10% = rs. 15**

**100% = rs. 150 , that is your cost price**

Type 10:- The price of an article has been reduced by 25%. In order to restore the original price the reduced price must be increased by?

a. 25%

b. 30%

c. 33%

d. 33.1/3%

Ans:-33.1/3%

Type 11:- An article was sold at 16% gain. Had it been sold for rs. 200 more, the gain would have been 20% then the cost price of the article is?

a. 5000

b. 4800

c. 4500

d. 5200

Ans :- 5000

**
**

**difference in gain % equal to 200,**

**Then 20%-16%=4%**

**
**

**4%= 200 then,**

**100%= 5000 that is your cost price of the article**